From Soldier to Screenwriter: Nazir Hussain's Patriotic Film Journey

I am a village man and the smell of that place has been lingering in my body. I feel proud while saying this that Ghazipur, the birthplace of India's immortal martyrs Brigadier Usman and Brigadier Abdul Hameed,

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Nazir Hussain's Patriotic Film Journey
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Yaadon Ki Baaraat and Nazir Hussain

I am a village man and the smell of that place has been lingering in my body. I feel proud while saying this that Ghazipur, the birthplace of India's immortal martyrs Brigadier Usman and Brigadier Abdul Hameed, is also my birthplace, where the Army is present in every drop of blood of the people. They are always ready to make sacrifices for the honor of their country.

I am also proud of my country India. It is a bouquet in which we all add flowers of different colors and colors together to enhance its beauty. India has set an example to the whole world during the elections this time as proof of the depth to which democracy has been born in the colors of the people of India. India is the largest and most awakened democracy in the world, but still, I have a complaint among my people that we have not yet become completely Indian. We are in the form of a nation and when the wave comes here, the people also get swept away in it.


Well, I was born to a farmer who was a soldier by profession. In my family, even after becoming a graduate, people continued to prefer the army, which is why I also joined the British Army as soon as I completed my studies. I was in Singapore and the war was going on at that time. The units of our soldiers who had shown exceptional achievements by favoring the British over the Japanese were imprisoned in Singapore. Azad Hind Fauj was formed from those troops under the leadership of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose. We dared to sacrifice our lives to protect our motherland and no non-patriotic Indian could stop us at that time.

I took charge of information broadcasting at that time. Today means like radio and television have become available everywhere, but at that time, people were awakened by conveying messages through drama, speeches, and songs. Netaji had given us a slogan - 'Jai Hind'. Despite everything, there was provincialism among the people at that time and even today, but it was eliminated by this slogan. Whenever he met anyone, he used to say Salaam Ram-Ram, instead of Satshree Akal, he used to say Jai Hind, this was not a slogan, it was a slogan. I have already told you this. We all had the same religion - India, our motherland, our country. When the war broke out, we all came on foot from Singapore to Kohima—and stayed in a submarine for three months. There can be no greater sacrifice in the world than that of people traveling across Africa, battling hunger and thirst, and reaching India out of patriotism. Whatever one may say, Azad Hind also had a big role in liberating the country. The entire army was turning against the British because the British Navy revolted as soon as we reached Kohima.


When our leaders Shah Nawaz etc. were tried in the Red Fort, Pt, Jawahar Lal Nehru was the first person who stood up for defense wearing a gown. This has been a favor to the army after this Sir Bhula Bhai Desai took up this case and fought for freedom for five years after the release of Then Defended. On his release in 1946, every soldier was given two rupees and a third-class ticket by the government. After enduring all this torture and standing between his people and the country, no one even gave him the job of a doorman. Shahnawaz etc. were also there and he suggested raising some funds for the soldiers by preparing some plays and doing their shows, so I wrote 'Sipahi Ka Sapna', its first 'show' was held in the Congress session in 1947 under the chairmanship of Kripalani. At the same time, all the journalists had asked me whether I would like to go to films.

That was the era of rights, there was fire everywhere and we had to do our 'shows' in the rights area only because through that we used to give a message to the people that we all together have shed blood for the country, you are one. Those who are spreading mischief. At last, partition happened. At the same time, I got a call from Calcutta. After watching the show, the people of New Theaters gave me an offer for that show, but in the inner corner of my mind, I wanted to join the army. But the pain of this fact is still in my mind that not a single Azad Hind Fauj soldier was taken into the Indian Army and that is why I had to turn towards films. When I entered the film world, everyone asked me, do you have any story on Azad Hind Fauj? I started writing stories and I got established in the field of writing because people liked the story 'Pehla Aadmi' written by me very much. The story, script, and dialogue of the film were written by me and the director was Vimal Roy. This film of New Theaters proved to be a hit at the box office and being impressed by it, I got many offers from Bombay also. At first, I said 'no' but when Bimal Roy also came to Bombay, I also came to Bombay with him. In Bombay, I also worked in 'Maa' and wrote dialogues for it. 'Maa' also did well, after this I was also the dialogue writer for 'Parineeta', 'Biraj Bahu', etc. directed by Bimal Rai.


While saying this, writer, director, and character actor Nazir Hussain paused for a moment. Nazir Hussain is a simple person with very settled thoughts. It is on the strength of his spontaneity that he transforms his acting into a reality that the audience becomes engrossed in his art. He has appeared in hundreds of films as a filial father, an idealistic teacher, and an ideal soldier. And he is seen in the true form of that character. Especially in the tragic scenes, he has moistened people's hearts.

'Now I want to tell how I turned from Hindi to Bhojpuri films. During the days when I was working in 'New Delhi', I got a chance to go to Delhi. In those days, the President of India was Babu Rajendra Prasad, he was a good friend of the Advocate General of Bihar Babu Mahavir Prasad. I suddenly met General Saheb in Delhi. He was from our Bhojpuri area only. As soon as I met him, I called him Babu Saheb. They said, where were you here for so many days? I told them that he took me to Rajendra Prasad ji. During the conversation, he asked where you from are, and as soon as he found out, he said - 'Hey brother, films are not made in Bhojpuri? Bhojpuri Area Eastern U. It is the area of P. There are thirteen crore people who speak this language, but till then it was spoken and the script could not be used. I said, Babu Saheb, films are not made for two-four thousand rupees, so should you dare? He said, you start at least.


   When I returned, preparations were being made for 'Ganga Jamna'. I saw Pathan Dilip Kumar of Frontier speaking this language with such proficiency and writing, what a thing. I was also in that film. Then I realized why Dilip used to talk to people in the same language for three years. The thought got pinched in my mind that when Dilip can make a film by mastering the language of the border, then why can't I make it? I also started writing ‘Ganga Maiya Tohe Piyari Chadhaibo’ and the film also went on the floors in 1956. People used to make fun of who would watch this film based on the language, but I did not care about anyone and continued with my work. When 8 reels of the film were made, I got a message that the President wanted to see the film. The producer said, will show the film only after completion.

When the film was made, he had stepped down from the post of President, but he was a great personality and his importance was as much on the throne as it was even after being separated from it. The film was completed and released in Patna on the day of Maha Shivratri in 1962. And it became famous. When Rajendra Babu came to know about it, he became excited like a child to watch the film. But he was very serious, hence on his request 16 m. m. Size film was shown to them with the dhotis hanging. When the emotional scenes started he started crying. The film I had written against alcohol was about how alcohol ruins a farmer's family.


   I was shooting in Baroda at that time when I received a telegram that Rajendra Babu wanted to meet. I reached Banaras from Delhi. The plane reached at 11 pm. Reached Mughal Sarai by taxi and caught a storm in Patna. There was silence at the station. What has happened to everyone...? I was thinking that a man passed the paper in front of me. Rajendra Babu had bid farewell to us at 2 o'clock the same night. Later, Mahavir Babu told me that after watching the film, he had said that if I had watched this film sitting in Delhi or Bombay, I would have felt as if I was sitting in my village, all the characters in it were from my village. Immediately sent a message to Nazir that I wanted to meet him. One of the things that I liked the most and had appealing power was that I made the girl a courtesan in that film but did not let her character deteriorate. The hero accepts her in this form with the thought that after all she too was someone's sister, someone's daughter.

After this, I made the second Bhojpuri film ‘Laagi Nahin Chhote Ram’ on the problem of Harijans. The subject of the third film ‘Hamar Sansar’ was also very innovative and authentic. The topic was why are farmers moving from villages to cities...why?

   You already know how our films are made today. If we say that marmalade is made in chunks, it will not be an exaggeration. Why...? Because they are made for the people of the entire India. I believe that this is why films with better storylines are made in our regional language than Hindi films.


   During the days of Mardumasumari, a man came to me and asked, 'What is your mother tongue?'

   I said-'Mother tongue means...? It is not the language which a man learns and speaks in his mother's lap.

‘Yes…’ he said.

   Hearing 'Bhojpuri...' he was shocked, 'What is this...'

   This question was asked to Rajendra Babu in a similar manner and he also gave the same answer. When this news was published in 'Times of India', the man immediately came to me and said is this your language...

   I laughed and said, 'Yes, I speak the President's language.' He hesitated.

   ‘So are you still writing something or…?’

   'Now after fourteen years, 'Balam Pardesiya' has been written and is going to go on floors next week itself. The team of Dev Mukherjee, Padyama Khanna, Nazir Hussain, Leela Mishra, Sadhana Khote, and Tuntun are working on it.

   Nazir Hussain's upcoming movies are.

   'Temple-Masjid' 'Pandit and Pathan' 'Doctor Babu' 'Sultan Hind', you can add, etc. in front of this, he said laughing. Because the names of all the films are neither remembered nor will be remembered at this time.

Nazir Hussain's Patriotic Film Journey

Nazir Hussain's Patriotic Film Journey

-Kundan Kishore

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